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Fields


About

Field types define how the admin can manipulate an entry's values. They're used by the Create and Update operations.

Think of the field type as the type of input: <input type=”text” />. But for most entities, you won't just need text inputs - you'll need datepickers, upload buttons, 1-n relationship, n-n relationships, textareas, etc.

We have a lot of default field types, detailed below. If you don't find what you're looking for, you can create a custom field type. Or if you just want to tweak a default field type a little bit, you can overwrite default field types.

Mandatory Field Attributes

For each of them, you only need to define it properly in the Controller. All field types will need at least three things:

  • the name of the column in the database (ex: "title")
  • the human-readable label for the input (ex: "Title")
  • the type of the input (ex: "text")

So at minimum, your field definition array should look like:

[
    'name' => 'description',
    'type' => 'textarea',
    'label' => 'Article Description',
]

Optional Field Attributes

There are a few optional attributes on all default field types, that you can use to easily achieve a few common cutomizations:

[
    'prefix' => '',
    'suffix' => '',
    'default'    => 'some value', // set a default value
    'hint'       => 'Some hint text', // helpful text, shows up after the input
    'attributes' => [
       'placeholder' => 'Some text when empty',
       'class' => 'form-control some-class'
       'readonly'=>'readonly',
       'disabled'=>'disabled',
     ], // change the HTML attributes of your input
     'wrapperAttributes' => [
       'class' => 'form-group col-md-12'
     ], // change the HTML attributes for the field wrapper - mostly for resizing fields 
]

Fields API

To manipulate fields, you can use the methods below. As a second parameter, you can specify the operation you want that to work for (create or update). If you want it to work for both, don't use the second parameter.

// add a field to both Create and Update operation
$this->crud->addField($field_definition_array);

// add a field only to the Update operation
$this->crud->addField($field_definition_array, 'update');

// shorthand: add a text field to both Create and Update operations
$this->crud->addField('db_column_name');

// add multiple fields
$this->crud->addFields([$field_definition_array_1, $field_definition_array_2]);

// change the attributes of a field
$this->crud->modifyField($name, $modifs_array);

// remove a field from both operations
$this->crud->removeField('name');

// remove multiple fields from both operations
$this->crud->removeFields($array_of_names);

// remove all fields from all operations
$this->crud->removeAllFields();

// FIELD ORDER

// add a field before a given field
$this->crud->addField($field_definition_array)->beforeField('name');

// add a field after a given field
$this->crud->addField($field_definition_array)->afterField('name');

Extra Fields Features

Fake Fields (all stored as JSON in the database)

In case you want to store insignificant information for an entry, that don't need a database column, you can add any number of Fake Fields, and all their information will be store inside one column in the db, as JSON. By default, an extras column is assumed on the database table, but you can change that.

Step 1. Use the fake attribute on your field:

[
    'name' => 'name', // JSON variable name
    'label' => "Tag Name", // human-readable label for the input

    'fake' => true, // show the field, but don’t store it in the database column above
    'store_in' => 'extras' // [optional] the database column name where you want the fake fields to ACTUALLY be stored as a JSON array 
],

Step 2. On your model, make sure the db columns where you store the JSONs (by default only extras):

  • are in your $fillable property;
  • are on a new $fakeColumns property (create it now);
  • are casted as array in $casts;

If you need your fakes to also be translatable, remember to also place extras in your model's $translatable property.

Example:

[
    'name' => 'meta_title',
    'label' => "Meta Title", 
    'fake' => true, 
    'store_in' => 'metas' // [optional]
],
[
    'name' => 'meta_description',
    'label' => "Meta Description", 
    'fake' => true, 
    'store_in' => 'metas' // [optional]
],
[
    'name' => 'meta_keywords',
    'label' => "Meta Keywords", 
    'fake' => true, 
    'store_in' => 'metas' // [optional]
],

In this example, these 3 fields will show up in the create & update forms, the CRUD will process as usual, but in the database these values won’t be stored in the meta_title, meta_description and meta_keywords columns. They will be stored in the metas column as a JSON array:

{"meta_title":"title","meta_description":"desc","meta_keywords":"keywords"}

If the store_in attribute wasn't used, they would have been stored in the extras column.

Split Fields into Tabs

You can now split your create/edit inputs into multiple tabs.

CRUD Fields Tabs

In order to use this feature, you just need to specify the tab name for each of your fields. Example:

$this->crud->addField([ // select_from_array
    'name' => 'select_from_array',
    'label' => "Select from array",
    'type' => 'select_from_array',
    'options' => ['one' => 'One', 'two' => 'Two', 'three' => 'Three'],
    'allows_null' => false,
    'allows_multiple' => true,
    'tab' => 'Tab name here'
]);

If you forget to specify a tab name for a field, Backpack will place it above all tabs.

Default Field Types

address

Use Algolia Places autocomplete to help users type their address faster. With the store_as_json option, it will store the address, postcode, city, country, latitude and longitude in a JSON in the database. Without it, it will just store the address string.

[   // Address
    'name' => 'address',
    'label' => 'Address',
    'type' => 'address',
    // optional
    'store_as_json' => true
],

Use attribute casting. For information stored as JSON in the database, it's recommended that you use attribute casting to array or object. That way, every time you get the info from the database you'd get it in a usable format.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - address

browse

If you've chosen to use elFinder upon Backpack installation, this button allows the admin to open elFinder and select a file from there.

[   // Browse
    'name' => 'image',
    'label' => 'Image',
    'type' => 'browse'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - browse

Onclick preview:

CRUD Field - browse popup

browse_multiple

Open elFinder and select multiple file from there.

[   // Browse multiple
    'name' => 'files',
    'label' => 'Files',
    'type' => 'browse_multiple',
    // 'multiple' => true, // enable/disable the multiple selection functionality
    // 'mime_types' => null, // visible mime prefixes; ex. ['image'] or ['application/pdf']
],

We recommend you cast your attribute as array on your model. That way, when you do $entry->files you get a nice array. The field will work even if you don't cast.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - browse_multiple

base64_image

Upload an image and store it in the database as Base64. Notes:

$this->crud->addField([ // base64_image
    'label' => "Profile Image",
    'name' => "image",
    'filename' => "image_filename", // set to null if not needed
    'type' => 'base64_image',
    'aspect_ratio' => 1, // set to 0 to allow any aspect ratio
    'crop' => true, // set to true to allow cropping, false to disable
    'src' => NULL, // null to read straight from DB, otherwise set to model accessor function
]);

Input preview:

CRUD Field - base64_image

checkbox

Checkbox for true/false.

[   // Checkbox
    'name' => 'active',
    'label' => 'Active',
    'type' => 'checkbox'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - checkbox

checklist

[
    'label'     => 'Roles',
    'type'      => 'checklist',
    'name'      => 'roles',
    'entity'    => 'roles',
    'attribute' => 'name',
    'model'     => "Backpack\PermissionManager\app\Models\Role",
    'pivot'     => true,
]);

Input preview:

CRUD Field - checklist

checklist_dependency


// two interconnected entities
'label'             => 'User Role Permissions',
'field_unique_name' => 'user_role_permission',
'type'              => 'checklist_dependency',
'name'              => 'roles_and_permissions', // the methods that defines the relationship in your Model
'subfields'         => [
        'primary' => [
            'label'            => 'Roles',
            'name'             => 'roles', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'entity'           => 'roles', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'entity_secondary' => 'permissions', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'attribute'        => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
            'model'            => "Backpack\PermissionManager\app\Models\Role", // foreign key model
            'pivot'            => true, // on create&update, do you need to add/delete pivot table entries?]
            'number_columns'   => 3, //can be 1,2,3,4,6
        ],
        'secondary' => [
            'label'          => 'Permission',
            'name'           => 'permissions', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'entity'         => 'permissions', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'entity_primary' => 'roles', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'attribute'      => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
            'model'          => "Backpack\PermissionManager\app\Models\Permission", // foreign key model
            'pivot'          => true, // on create&update, do you need to add/delete pivot table entries?]
            'number_columns' => 3, //can be 1,2,3,4,6
        ],
    ],
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - checklist_dependency

ckeditor

Show a wysiwyg CKEditor to the user.

[   // CKEditor
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'ckeditor',
    // optional:
    'extra_plugins' => ['oembed', 'widget', 'justify']
    'options' => [
    'autoGrow_minHeight' => 200,
    'autoGrow_bottomSpace' => 50,
    'removePlugins' => 'resize,maximize',
    ]
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - ckeditor

color

[   // Color
    'name' => 'background_color',
    'label' => 'Background Color',
    'type' => 'color'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - color

color_picker

Show a pretty colour picker using Bootstrap Colorpicker.

[   // color_picker
    'label' => 'Background Color',
    'name' => 'background_color',
    'type' => 'color_picker',
    'color_picker_options' => ['customClass' => 'custom-class']
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - color_picker

custom_html

Allows you to insert custom HTML in the create/update forms. Usually used in forms with a lot of fields, to separate them using h1-h5, hr, etc, but can be used for any HTML.

[   // CustomHTML
    'name' => 'separator',
    'type' => 'custom_html',
    'value' => '<hr>'
],

date

[   // Date
    'name' => 'birthday',
    'label' => 'Birthday',
    'type' => 'date'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - date

date_picker

Show a pretty Bootstrap Datepicker.

[   // date_picker
   'name' => 'date',
   'type' => 'date_picker',
   'label' => 'Date',
   // optional:
   'date_picker_options' => [
      'todayBtn' => true,
      'format' => 'dd-mm-yyyy',
      'language' => 'fr'
   ],
],

Please note it is recommended that you use attribute casting on your model (cast to date).

Input preview:

CRUD Field - date_picker

date_range

Starting with Backpack\CRUD 3.1.59

Show a DateRangePicker and let the user choose a start date and end date.

        [
            'name' => 'event_date_range', // a unique name for this field
            'start_name' => 'start_date', // the db column that holds the start_date
            'end_name' => 'end_date', // the db column that holds the end_date
            'label' => 'Event Date Range',
            'type' => 'date_range',
            // OPTIONALS
            'start_default' => '1991-03-28 01:01', // default value for start_date
            'end_default' => '1991-04-05 02:00', // default value for end_date
            'date_range_options' => [ // options sent to daterangepicker.js
                'timePicker' => true,
                'locale' => ['format' => 'DD/MM/YYYY HH:mm']
            ]
        ]

Please note it is recommended that you use attribute casting on your model (cast to date).

Your end result will look like this:

Input preview:

CRUD Field - date_range

datetime

[   // DateTime
    'name' => 'start',
    'label' => 'Event start',
    'type' => 'datetime'
],

Please note: if you're using datetime attribute casting on your model, you also need to place this mutator inside your model:

    public function setDatetimeAttribute($value) {
        $this->attributes['datetime'] = \Date::parse($value);
    }

Otherwise the input's datetime-local formal will cause some errors.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - datetime

datetime_picker

Show a Bootstrap Datetime Picker.

[   // DateTime
    'name' => 'start',
    'label' => 'Event start',
    'type' => 'datetime_picker',
    // optional:
    'datetime_picker_options' => [
        'format' => 'DD/MM/YYYY HH:mm',
        'language' => 'fr'
    ],
    'allows_null' => true,
    // 'default' => '2017-05-12 11:59:59',
],

Please note: if you're using date attribute casting on your model, you may also need to place this mutator inside your model:

    public function setDatetimeAttribute($value) {
        $this->attributes['datetime'] = \Date::parse($value);
    }

Otherwise the input's datetime-local formal will cause some errors. Remeber to change "datetime" with the name of your attribute (column name).

Input preview:

CRUD Field - datetime_picker

email

[   // Email
    'name' => 'email',
    'label' => 'Email Address',
    'type' => 'email'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - email

enum

Show a select with the values in the database for that ENUM field. Requires that the db column type is "enum". If the db column allows null, the " - " value will also show up in the select.

[   // Enum
    'name' => 'status',
    'label' => 'Status',
    'type' => 'enum'
],

PLEASE NOTE the enum field only works for MySQL databases.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - enum

hidden

Include an in the form.

[   // Hidden
    'name' => 'status',
    'type' => 'hidden'
],

icon_picker

[/block] Show an icon picker. Supported icon sets are fontawesome, glyphicon, ionicon, weathericon, mapicon, octicon, typicon, elusiveicon, materialdesign as per the jQuery plugin, bootstrap-iconpicker.

The stored value will be the class name (ex: fa-home).

[
    'label' => "Icon",
    'name' => 'icon',
    'type' => 'icon_picker',
    'iconset' => 'fontawesome' // options: fontawesome, glyphicon, ionicon, weathericon, mapicon, octicon, typicon, elusiveicon, materialdesign
],

Your input will look like button, with a dropdown where the user can search or pick an icon:

Input preview:

CRUD Field - icon_picker

image

Upload an image and store it on the disk.

Step 1. Show the field.

$this->crud->addField([ // image
    'label' => "Profile Image",
    'name' => "image",
    'type' => 'image',
    'upload' => true,
    'crop' => true, // set to true to allow cropping, false to disable
    'aspect_ratio' => 1, // ommit or set to 0 to allow any aspect ratio
    // 'disk' => 's3_bucket', // in case you need to show images from a different disk
    // 'prefix' => 'uploads/images/profile_pictures/' // in case your db value is only the file name (no path), you can use this to prepend your path to the image src (in HTML), before it's shown to the user;
]);

Step 2. Set a mutator on your Model, so that the file can be stored. You can use this boilerplate code and modify it to match your use case:

public function setImageAttribute($value)
    {
        $attribute_name = "image";
        $disk = "public_folder";
        $destination_path = "uploads/folder_1/subfolder_3";

        // if the image was erased
        if ($value==null) {
            // delete the image from disk
            \Storage::disk($disk)->delete($this->{$attribute_name});

            // set null in the database column
            $this->attributes[$attribute_name] = null;
        }

        // if a base64 was sent, store it in the db
        if (starts_with($value, 'data:image'))
        {
            // 0. Make the image
            $image = \Image::make($value)->encode('jpg', 90);
            // 1. Generate a filename.
            $filename = md5($value.time()).'.jpg';
            // 2. Store the image on disk.
            \Storage::disk($disk)->put($destination_path.'/'.$filename, $image->stream());
            // 3. Save the path to the database
            $this->attributes[$attribute_name] = $destination_path.'/'.$filename;
        }
    }

The uploaded images are not deleted for you. If you delete an entry (using the CRUD or anywhere inside your app), the image file won't be deleted from the disk. If you're NOT using soft deletes on that Model and want the image to be deleted at the same time the entry is, just specify that in your Model's deleting event:

public static function boot()
{
parent::boot();
static::deleting(function($obj) {
\Storage::disk('public_folder')->delete($obj->image);
});
}

A note about aspect_ratio The value for aspect ratio is a float that represents the ratio of the cropping rectangle height and width. By way of example,

  • Square = 1
  • Landscape = 2
  • Portrait = 0.5

And you can, of course, use any value for more extreme rectangles.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - image

month

[   // Month
    'name' => 'month',
    'label' => 'Month',
    'type' => 'month'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - month

number

Shows an input type=number to the user, with optional prefix and suffix:

[   // Number
    'name' => 'number',
    'label' => 'Number',
    'type' => 'number',
    // optionals
    // 'attributes' => ["step" => "any"], // allow decimals
    // 'prefix' => "$",
    // 'suffix' => ".00",
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - number

page_or_link

Select an existing page from PageManager or an internal or external link. It’s used in the MenuManager package, but can be used in any other model just as well. Its definition looks like this:

[   // PageOrLink
    'name' => 'type',
    'label' => "Type",
    'type' => 'page_or_link',
    'page_model' => '\Backpack\PageManager\app\Models\Page'
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - page_or_link

password

[   // Password
    'name' => 'password',
    'label' => 'Password',
    'type' => 'password'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - password

radio

Show radios according to an associative array you give the input and let the user pick from them. You can choose for the radio options to be displayed inline or one-per-line.

[
    'name'        => 'status', // the name of the db column
    'label'       => 'Status', // the input label
    'type'        => 'radio',
    'options'     => [ // the key will be stored in the db, the value will be shown as label; 
                        0 => "Draft",
                        1 => "Published"
                    ],
    // optional
    //'inline'      => false, // show the radios all on the same line?
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - radio

range

[   // Range
    'name' => 'range',
    'label' => 'Range',
    'type' => 'range'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - range

select (1-n relationship)

Show a Select with the names of the connected entity and let the user select one of them. Your relationships should already be defined on your models.

[  // Select
   'label' => "Category",
   'type' => 'select',
   'name' => 'category_id', // the db column for the foreign key
   'entity' => 'category', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
   'attribute' => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
   'model' => "App\Models\Tag" // foreign key model
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select

select2 (1-n relationship)

Works just like the SELECT field, but prettier. Shows a Select2 with the names of the connected entity and let the user select one of them. Your relationships should already be defined on your models.

[  // Select2
   'label' => "Category",
   'type' => 'select2',
   'name' => 'category_id', // the db column for the foreign key
   'entity' => 'category', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
   'attribute' => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
   'model' => "App\Models\Tag" // foreign key model
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select2

select_multiple (n-n relationship)

Show a Select with the names of the connected entity and let the user select any number of them. Your relationships should already be defined on your models.

[       // SelectMultiple = n-n relationship (with pivot table)
    'label' => "Tags",
    'type' => 'select_multiple',
    'name' => 'tags', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
    'entity' => 'tags', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
    'attribute' => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
    'model' => "App\Models\Tag", // foreign key model
    'pivot' => true, // on create&update, do you need to add/delete pivot table entries?
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select_multiple

select2_multiple (n-n relationship)

[Works just like the SELECT field, but prettier]

Show a Select2 with the names of the connected entity and let the user select any number of them. Your relationships should already be defined on your models.

[       // Select2Multiple = n-n relationship (with pivot table)
    'label' => "Tags",
    'type' => 'select2_multiple',
    'name' => 'tags', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
    'entity' => 'tags', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
    'attribute' => 'name', // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
    'model' => "App\Models\Tag", // foreign key model
    'pivot' => true, // on create&update, do you need to add/delete pivot table entries?
    // 'select_all' => true, // show Select All and Clear buttons?
]

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select2_multiple

select_from_array

Display a select with the values you want:

[ // select_from_array
    'name' => 'template',
    'label' => "Template",
    'type' => 'select_from_array',
    'options' => [‘one’ => ‘One’, ‘two’ => ‘Two’],
    'allows_null' => false,
    'default' => 'one',
    // 'allows_multiple' => true, // OPTIONAL; needs you to cast this to array in your model;
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select_from_array

select2_from_array

Display a select2 with the values you want:

[ // select_from_array
    'name' => 'template',
    'label' => "Template",
    'type' => 'select2_from_array',
    'options' => [‘one’ => ‘One’, ‘two’ => ‘Two’],
    'allows_null' => false,
    'default' => 'one',
    // 'allows_multiple' => true, // OPTIONAL; needs you to cast this to array in your model;
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select2_from_array

select2_from_ajax

Display a select2 that takes its values from an AJAX call.

[
            // 1-n relationship
            'label' => "End", // Table column heading
            'type' => "select2_from_ajax",
            'name' => 'category_id', // the column that contains the ID of that connected entity
            'entity' => 'city', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'attribute' => "name", // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
            'model' => "App\Models\Category", // foreign key model
            'data_source' => url("api/category"), // url to controller search function (with /{id} should return model)
            'placeholder' => "Select a category", // placeholder for the select
            'minimum_input_length' => 2, // minimum characters to type before querying results
 ]

Of course, you also need to create a controller and routes for the data_source above. Here's an example:

Route::get('/api/category', 'Api\[email protected]');
Route::get('/api/category/{id}', 'Api\[email protected]');
<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers\Api;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use Backpack\NewsCRUD\app\Models\Category;

class CategoryController extends Controller
{
    public function index(Request $request)
    {
        $search_term = $request->input('q');
        $page = $request->input('page');

        if ($search_term)
        {
            $results = Category::where('name', 'LIKE', '%'.$search_term.'%')->paginate(10);
        }
        else
        {
            $results = Category::paginate(10);
        }

        return $results;
    }

    public function show($id)
    {
        return Category::find($id);
    }
}

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select2_from_array

select2_from_ajax_multiple

Display a select2 that takes its values from an AJAX call. Same as select2_from_ajax above, but allows for multiple items to be selected. The only difference in the field definition is the "pivot" attribute.

[
            // n-n relationship
            'label' => "End", // Table column heading
            'type' => "select2_from_ajax_multiple",
            'name' => 'city_id', // the column that contains the ID of that connected entity
            'entity' => 'city', // the method that defines the relationship in your Model
            'attribute' => "name", // foreign key attribute that is shown to user
            'model' => "App\Models\City", // foreign key model
            'data_source' => url("api/cities"), // url to controller search function (with /{id} should return model)
            'placeholder' => "Select a city", // placeholder for the select
            'minimum_input_length' => 2, // minimum characters to type before querying results
            'pivot' => true, // on create&update, do you need to add/delete pivot table entries?
 ]

Of course, you also need to create a controller and routes for the data_source above. Here's an example:

Route::get('/api/category', 'Api\[email protected]');
Route::get('/api/category/{id}', 'Api\[email protected]');
<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers\Api;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use Backpack\NewsCRUD\app\Models\Category;

class CategoryController extends Controller
{
    public function index(Request $request)
    {
        $search_term = $request->input('q');
        $page = $request->input('page');

        if ($search_term)
        {
            $results = Category::where('name', 'LIKE', '%'.$search_term.'%')->paginate(10);
        }
        else
        {
            $results = Category::paginate(10);
        }

        return $results;
    }

    public function show($id)
    {
        return Category::find($id);
    }
}

Input preview:

CRUD Field - select2_from_ajax_multiple

simplemde

Show a SimpleMDE markdown editor to the user.

[   // SimpleMDE
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'simplemde',
    // optional
   // 'simplemdeAttributes' => [
   //   'promptURLs' => true,
   //   'status' => false,
   //   'spellChecker' => false,
   //   'forceSync' => true,
   // ],
   // 'simplemdeAttributesRaw' => $some_json
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - simplemde

summernote

Show a Summernote wysiwyg editor to the user.

[   // Summernote
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'summernote',
    // 'options' => [], // easily pass parameters to the summernote JS initialization 
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - summernote

table

Show a table with multiple inputs per row and store the values as JSON in the database. The user can add more rows and reorder the rows as they please.

[ // Table
    'name' => 'options',
    'label' => 'Options',
    'type' => 'table',
    'entity_singular' => 'option', // used on the "Add X" button
    'columns' => [
        'name' => 'Name',
        'desc' => 'Description',
        'price' => 'Price'
    ],
    'max' => 5, // maximum rows allowed in the table
    'min' => 0, // minimum rows allowed in the table
],

It's highly recommended that you use attribute casting on your model when working with JSON stored in database columns, and cast your this attribute to either object or array.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - table

text

The basic field type, all it needs is the two mandatory parameters: name and label.

[ // Text
    'name' => 'title',
    'label' => "Title",
    'type' => 'text',

    // optional
    //'prefix' => '',
    //'suffix' => '',
    //'default'    => 'some value', // default value
    //'hint'       => 'Some hint text', // helpful text, show up after input
    //'attributes' => [
       //'placeholder' => 'Some text when empty',
       //'class' => 'form-control some-class'
     //], // extra HTML attributes and values your input might need
     //'wrapperAttributes' => [
       //'class' => 'form-group col-md-12'
     //], // extra HTML attributes for the field wrapper - mostly for resizing fields 
     //'readonly'=>'readonly',
],

You can use the optional 'prefix' and 'suffix' attributes to display something before and after the input, like icons, path prefix, etc:

Input preview:

CRUD Field - text

textarea

Show a textarea to the user.

[   // Textarea
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'textarea'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - textarea

time

[   // Time
    'name' => 'start',
    'label' => 'Start time',
    'type' => 'time'
],

tinymce

Show a wysiwyg (TinyMCE) to the user.

[   // TinyMCE
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'tinymce'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - tinymce

upload

Step 1. Show a file input to the user:

[   // Upload
    'name' => 'image',
    'label' => 'Image',
    'type' => 'upload',
    'upload' => true,
    'disk' => 'uploads' // if you store files in the /public folder, please ommit this; if you store them in /storage or S3, please specify it;
],

Step 2. In order to save/update/delete the file from disk&db, we need to create a mutator on your model:

public function setImageAttribute($value)
    {
        $attribute_name = "image";
        $disk = "public";
        $destination_path = "folder_1/subfolder_1";

        $this->uploadFileToDisk($value, $attribute_name, $disk, $destination_path);
    }

How it works:

The field sends the file, through a Request, to the Controller. The Controller then tries to create/update the Model. That's when the mutator on your model will run. That also means we can do any file validation (file, image, mimetypes, mimes) in the Request, before the file is stored on the disk.

The uploadFileToDisk() method will take care of everything for most use cases:

/**
     * Handle file upload and DB storage for a file:
     * - on CREATE
     *     - stores the file at the destination path
     *     - generates a name
     *     - stores the full path in the DB;
     * - on UPDATE
     *     - if the value is null, deletes the file and sets null in the DB
     *     - if the value is different, stores the different file and updates DB value
     * /
public function uploadFileToDisk($value, $attribute_name, $disk, $destination_path) {}

If you wish to have a different functionality, you can delete the method call from your mutator and do your own thing.

The uploaded files are not deleted for you. When you delete an entry (wether through CRUD or the application), the uploaded files will not be deleted.

If you're NOT using soft deletes on that Model and want the file to be deleted at the same time the entry is, just specify that in your Model's deleting event:

    public static function boot()
    {
        parent::boot();
        static::deleting(function($obj) {
            \Storage::disk('public_folder')->delete($obj->image);
        });
    }

Input preview:

CRUD Field - upload

upload_multiple

Shows a multiple file input to the user and stores the values as a JSON array in the database.

Step 1. Show a multiple file input to the user:

[   // Upload
    'name' => 'photos',
    'label' => 'Photos',
    'type' => 'upload_multiple',
    'upload' => true,
    'disk' => 'uploads' // if you store files in the /public folder, please ommit this; if you store them in /storage or S3, please specify it;
],

Step 2. In order to save/update/delete the files from disk&db, we need to create a mutator on your model:

public function setPhotosAttribute($value)
    {
        $attribute_name = "photos";
        $disk = "public";
        $destination_path = "folder_1/subfolder_1";

        $this->uploadMultipleFilesToDisk($value, $attribute_name, $disk, $destination_path);
    }

Step 3. Since the filenames are stored in the database as a JSON array, we're going to use attribute casting on your model, so every time we get the filenames array from the database it's converted from a JSON array to a PHP array:

    protected $casts = [
        'photos' => 'array'
    ];

How it works:

The field sends the files, through a Request, to the Controller. The Controller then tries to create/update the Model. That's when the mutator on your model will run. That also means we can do any file validation (file, image, mimetypes, mimes) in the Request, before the files are stored on the disk.

The uploadMultipleFilesToDisk() method will take care of everything for most use cases:

/**
     * Handle multiple file upload and DB storage:
     * - if files are sent
     *     - stores the files at the destination path
     *     - generates random names
     *     - stores the full path in the DB, as JSON array;
     * - if a hidden input is sent to clear one or more files
     *     - deletes the file
     *     - removes that file from the DB.
     * /
public function uploadMultipleFilesToDisk($value, $attribute_name, $disk, $destination_path) {}

If you wish to have a different functionality, you can delete the method call from your mutator and do your own thing.

The uploaded files are not deleted for you. When you delete an entry (wether through CRUD or the application), the uploaded files will not be deleted.

If you're NOT using soft deletes on that Model and want the files to be deleted at the same time the entry is, just specify that in your Model's deleting event:

    public static function boot()
    {
        parent::boot();
        static::deleting(function($obj) {
            if (count((array)$obj->photos)) {
                foreach ($obj->photos as $file_path) {
                    \Storage::disk('public_folder')->delete($file_path);
                }
            }
        });
    }

You might notice the field is using a clear_photos variable. Don't worry, you don't need it in your db table. That's just used to delete photos upon "update". If you use $fillable on your model, just don't include it. If you use $guarded on your model, place it in guarded.

Input preview:

CRUD Field - upload_multiple

url

[/block]

[   // URL
    'name' => 'link',
    'label' => 'Link to video file',
    'type' => 'url'
],

video

Allow the user to paste a Youtube/Vimeo link. That will get the video information with Javascript and store it as a JSON in the database.

Field definition:

[   // URL
    'name' => 'video',
    'label' => 'Link to video file on Youtube or Vimeo',
    'type' => 'video',
],

An entry stored in the database will look like this:

$video = {
    id: 234324,
    title: ‘my video title’,
    image: ‘https://provider.com/image.jpg',
    url: ‘http://provider.com/video',
    provider: ‘youtube’
}

So you should use attribute casting in your model, to cast the video as array or object.

view

Load a custom view in the form.

[
        'name' => 'custom-ajax-button',
        'type' => 'view',
        'view' => 'partials/custom-ajax-button'
],

Note: the same functionality can be achieved using a custom field type, or using the custom_html field type (if the content is really simple).

week

[   // Week
    'name' => 'first_week',
    'label' => 'First week',
    'type' => 'week'
],

Input preview:

CRUD Field - week

wysiwyg

Show a wysiwyg (CKEditor) to the user.

[   // WYSIWYG Editor
    'name' => 'description',
    'label' => 'Description',
    'type' => 'wysiwyg'
],

Overwriting Default Field Types

The actual field types are stored in the Backpack/CRUD package in /resources/views/fields. If you need to change an existing field, you don’t need to modify the package, you just need to add a blade file in your application in /resources/views/vendor/backpack/crud/fields, with the same name. The package checks there first, and only if there's no file there, will it load it from the package.

To quickly publish a field blade file in your project, you can use php artisan backpack:crud:publish fields/field_name. For example, to publish the number field type, you'd type php artisan backpack:crud:publish fields/number

Please keep in mind that if you're using your file for a field type, you're not using the package file. So any updates we push to that file, you're not getting them. In most cases, it's recommended you crate a custom field type for your use case, instead of overwriting default field types.

Creating a Custom Field Type

If you need to extend the CRUD with a new field type, you create a new file in your application in /resources/views/vendor/backpack/crud/fields. Use a name that's different from all default field types. That's it, you'll now be able to use it just like a default field type.

Your field definition will be something like:

[
  // Custom Field
  'name' => 'address',
  'label' => 'Home address',
  'type' => 'address'
  /// 'view_namespace' => 'yourpackage' // use a custom namespace of your package to load views within a custom view folder.
]);

And your blade file something like:

<!-- field_type_name -->
<div @include('crud::inc.field_wrapper_attributes') >
    <label>{!! $field['label'] !!}</label>
    <input
        type="text"
        name="{{ $field['name'] }}"
        value="{{ old($field['name']) ? old($field['name']) : (isset($field['value']) ? $field['value'] : (isset($field['default']) ? $field['default'] : '' )) }}"
        @include('crud::inc.field_attributes')
    >

    {{-- HINT --}}
    @if (isset($field['hint']))
        <p class="help-block">{!! $field['hint'] !!}</p>
    @endif
</div>

@if ($crud->checkIfFieldIsFirstOfItsType($field, $fields))
  {{-- FIELD EXTRA CSS  --}}
  {{-- push things in the after_styles section --}}

      @push('crud_fields_styles')
          <!-- no styles -->
      @endpush

  {{-- FIELD EXTRA JS --}}
  {{-- push things in the after_scripts section --}}

      @push('crud_fields_scripts')
          <!-- no scripts -->
      @endpush
@endif

// Note: most of the times you'll want to use @if ($crud->checkIfFieldIsFirstOfItsType($field, $fields)) to only load CSS/JS once, even though there are multiple instances of it.

Inside your custom field type, you can use these variables:

  • $crud - all the CRUD Panel settings, options and variables;
  • $entry - in the Update operation, the current entry being modified (the actual values);
  • $field - all attributes that have been passed for this field;

Please purchase a commercial license or apply for a non-commercial license code before you put your project online, to prevent nagging notification bubbles.